Megyn, Alex, and the Infowars botnet

Teh interwebs are freaking out over Megyn Kelly’s interview with conspiracy theorist Alex Jones, the spider at the center of the Infowars web, with major sponsors frantically pulling their funding left and right (pun intended).

Kelly says she wants to shine a light, but opponents say not in a way that gives him oxygen on Father’s Day, when millions of viewers are watching.

But yeah, someone ought to shine something on this Infowars stuff. This graph is from a 3-year project at the University of Washington.  The turquoise areas of this graph shows the Infowars “alternative facts” botnet empire. This is how political propaganda is spread these days–social media. This chart just shows Twitter.

“The three main hubs in this particular network are,, and…”

And the botnets?


“…the most tweeted domain in our data was It was tweeted so many times (7436) and connected to so many domains (relative to all other domains) that we had to remove it from the graph….Examining the temporal patterns (tweets over time) suggests that almost all of the tweets that linked-to this domain were generated by a computer program. That program operated hundreds of different accounts, directing them to tweet out in regular bursts (dozens at the same time). Most often, these tweets linked to TheRealStrategy, but the program also sprinkled in tweets linking to other alternative media domains. Closer analysis revealed many of these Twitter accounts to have similar profile descriptions and to use photos stolen from other people online.”


“The InfoWars site was the second-most highly tweeted in our data set (1742 times). Almost all of the tweet activity citing InfoWars came from a coordinated set of accounts — all were similarly named and each sent a single tweet linking to one of two InfoWars articles about different alternative narratives of different shooting events.”

Yep, there’s an info war all right. Hope someone is watching this.

Hmm, and here is something for French election aficionados ^^.

hail kekThe “Army of Kek”.  “Kek” is an intentional typo for “lol”, an internet meme used by alt-right Pepe / Gamergate / Trump followers. According to Jacob Steinblatt @JSteinblatt,

“I looked at the most influential users within the Twitter networks tweeting about #JeVote Surprise, several are American pro-Trump accounts”


So who is this Kate Starbird person? I’m glad you asked. Wikipedia is singularly unhelpful. We are told she is a former basketball player. If she was a fictional Pokemon character, there would probably already be several paragraphs. So, in the interests of Science, here is a short bio.

Kate Starbird

It was so fringe we kind of laughed at it. That was a terrible mistake. We should have been studying it.  [– Kate Starbird]

Kate Starbird (July 30, 1975 – ) is a researcher of crisis informatics and online rumors. She is currently an Assistant Professor of Human Centered Design and Engineering at the University of Washington in Seattle.[1]

Starbird has been tracing the spread of misinformation on the web since the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing.[2] Her research points to an intentional use of disinformation by “alternative media” sites with an anti-globalist political agenda, like,, and, which appears to use bots to generate automated conspiracy theory tweets. [3]

“Your brain tells you ‘Hey, I got this from three different sources,’ ” she says. “But you don’t realize it all traces back to the same place, and might have even reached you via bots posing as real people. If we think of this as a virus, I wouldn’t know how to vaccinate for it.”[4]

Starbird received her PhD in Technology, Media and Society from the ATLAS Institute at the University of Colorado, [5] where she received a National Science Foundation Award for the project “Detecting Misinformation Flows in Social Media Spaces During Crisis Events.”[6] She has a BS in Computer Science from Standford University. [7]

Starbird is a former professional basketball player, and was the national player of the year in 1997. [8] She is married to Melissa Marsh, a program manager for The If Project for female prison inmates in Seattle. [9]

Selected papers

  • Rumors, False Flags, and Digital Vigilantes: Misinformation on
    Twitter after the 2013 Boston Marathon Bombing [10] (text) [11]
  • Information Wars: A Window into the Alternative Media Ecosystem, Conspiracy Theories, Muddled Thinking, and Political Disinformation [12]
  • Examining the Alternative Media Ecosystem through the Production of Alternative Narratives of Mass Shooting Events on Twitter [13]

External links

See also


[6] htt6s://
[7] The Communication Crisis in America, And How to Fix It
edited by Mark Lloyd, Lewis A. Friedland p. xxi
[8] Basketball: A Biographical Dictionary edited by David L. Porter p. 451
[10] (text)
[11] Social Media: A Reference Handbook: A Reference Handbook, by Kelli S. Burns, p. 135

Oh, wait, she *is* the former basketball person. Thanks for nothing, Wikipedia.


2 thoughts on “Megyn, Alex, and the Infowars botnet

  1. I haven’t watched the Megyn Kelly video with Alex Jones yet but I imagine it’s going to be similar to her interview of Putin. I don’t want to bias you with regard to that interview, so I’ll just give you two links for comparison: her interview (covered at Salon, so as not to bias anything ^^) and O. Stone being interviewed about his Putin interviews. Notice in particular the difference in Putin’s voice.

    Kate Starbird’s study is very interesting (though I think I prefer the actual study to the medium essay).

    For some serendipitous reason on DN! today they mentioned that Carlos Slim was a major telecoms owner, even a significant stakeholder in the NYT, and that Bezos owns WaPo which made me think of those interesting numbers and visuals again. I think it was because there was a new story out about the world’s richest men. Of course, one mustn’t forget that Soros contributes to DN! which is surely why they cover the anti-Trump protests. Wait? You mean Soros doesn’t like Putin? Really ?! That’s strange.

    Thanks for the crunchy macaroon: a most fortifying post. 🙂

  2. Nice catch, I have looked further into Kate Starbird, and found that although she is at the leading edge of this research, her Wikipedia article still treats her as a former athlete. Never published in a journal, but according to Google Scholar, her conference presentations have been cited literally thousands of times. For people who look to Wikipedia for actual information, there needs to be some criteria for notability that better fits the computer age, as well as the readers’ need for information, instead of being narrowly tailored to exclude more recent newcomers. I have added my gleanings about her to this post, but judging by the likes of Headbomb and his troglodyte minions over at Reddit who are still roaming the corridors of Wikipedia with their agenda, I will probably re-post them here in a separate piece, as an alternative to the Wikipedia article.

    Thank you for the links to the Putin interviews–I rarely listen to interviews as it just takes too much time, but these are quite informative. Stone I think won in the short term. His comradely draping of himself across Putin’s conference table and fawning attitude got him three interview segments and a book. Kelly’s interview was equally click-baity although more respectable, and although it was just one interview, in the long run, I think it will enhance her career reputation, if the advantage is not offset by what must be a huge expense for makeup and fashion. Putin I thought did quite well, the “disinformation” talking point for example was credible – one time the Pentagon even proposed an office of disinformation. I was only really chilled at the end, when Kelly asked about journalists being disappeared or killed, and Putin went off on her for passing judgment. The production on the Kelly tape is superb as well–whenever Putin starts to look credible, they break away to a contradictory point, plus the translation is done in such a way that you can hear Putin’s voice, although the translator’s voice has a contemptuous edge to it that Putin only displays at the end.

    As I recall, macaroons are not crunchy, but soft and chewy, as shredded coconut from a plastic bag is generally pliable.

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